The Metaphysical Parallels of Gnosticism and Christian Science

Tom Ross
4 min readSep 23, 2023


Christianity, as one of the world’s major religions, has diversified over the centuries into various denominations, each with its unique beliefs and practices. Among these denominations, Christian Gnosticism and Christian Science stand out for their profound metaphysical perspectives. While they may appear to be quite different on the surface, a closer examination reveals intriguing similarities that link these two spiritual paths. In this article, we will delve into these parallels, exploring how Christian Gnosticism and Christian Science share a deep metaphysical connection despite their apparent differences.

The Absence of Crucifixes: A Symbolic Departure

One of the most visible distinctions between Christian Gnosticism and Christian Science is the absence of crucifixes in the latter. In traditional Christianity, the crucifix represents the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross for the redemption of humanity’s sins. Christian Science, however, opts for a different symbol, displaying the words “God is Love” behind the minister instead.

At first glance, this may seem like a stark contrast, but when we dig deeper, we find that both choices are deeply rooted in metaphysical beliefs. Christian Gnosticism emphasizes the importance of inner knowledge (gnosis) and a personal relationship with God, which can transcend traditional symbols. Likewise, Christian Science centers on the healing power of divine love and the understanding of God’s spiritual nature as the ultimate means of salvation. In both cases, the absence of crucifixes symbolizes a focus on spiritual insight and an understanding of God’s essence beyond traditional representations.

The Role of Divine Knowledge

Christian Gnosticism places a strong emphasis on the acquisition of spiritual knowledge, often referred to as gnosis. Gnostics believe that salvation comes through the awakening of this inner knowledge, leading to a deeper understanding of the divine and the self. This concept aligns with the Christian Science perspective, which emphasizes spiritual understanding as a path to healing and salvation.

In Christian Science, practitioners are encouraged to turn to prayer and meditation to gain spiritual insight, similar to the Gnostic quest for gnosis. Both traditions believe that the key to enlightenment and spiritual growth lies in transcending the material world through a profound understanding of divine principles.

The Illusion of Matter

Christian Gnosticism and Christian Science also share a fundamental belief in the illusory nature of the material world. Gnostics view the physical world as a creation of a lower, flawed deity known as the Demiurge, meant to trap human souls in ignorance. Christian Science similarly teaches that matter is an illusion, and true reality is spiritual, consisting of the eternal and unchanging nature of God’s love and perfection.

Both traditions encourage adherents to look beyond the material realm to find true meaning and purpose in the spiritual realm. This metaphysical perspective underlines their shared belief that the physical world distracts individuals from their spiritual potential.

The Power of Mind and Thought

In Christian Science, thought and consciousness play a significant role in healing and spiritual growth. Adherents believe that by aligning their thoughts with divine truth and love, they can overcome illness and adversity. This notion bears resemblance to the Gnostic idea that the human mind has the capacity to transcend the limitations of the material world through spiritual insight and understanding.

Both Christian Gnosticism and Christian Science share the belief that the human mind is a powerful tool for shaping one’s spiritual journey and influencing one’s relationship with the divine.

The First Church of Christ, Scientist at Christian Science Plaza


While Christian Gnosticism and Christian Science may seem divergent at first glance, they share deep metaphysical parallels that connect them on a profound level. The absence of crucifixes in Christian Science and the focus on “God is Love” behind the minister represent a departure from traditional Christian symbols but signify a shared commitment to transcending the material world and delving into the metaphysical.

Both traditions emphasize the importance of divine knowledge, the illusory nature of the material world, and the power of the human mind in shaping one’s spiritual journey. These commonalities reveal that, despite their distinct practices and symbols, Christian Gnosticism and Christian Science both offer unique perspectives on how to attain spiritual enlightenment and understanding in a world where metaphysical exploration is valued.

Thanks for your support!